Te-au acceptat la noul tau job? Esti inginer si asta iti ocupa tot timpul?! Lucrezi in domeniul naval si singura ta problema este Limba Engleza?!
Aici gasiti cateva expresii care va vor ajuta sa va familiarizati cu termenii tehnici din acest domeniu.
- The building of a ship follows an well-ordered sequence of events.
- After the vessel has been ordered, the plans are completed in the drawing office.
- Next, the final plans must be approved by a classification society such as the Romanian register of Shipping.
- This is necessary if the ship is to be classed.
- While the ship is being built, constant checks are made to be sure she is being built to the standards of the society.
- Classification will show that the ship is seaworthy and able to carry the cargo she has been designed to carry.
- The main part of a ship is the hull.
- This is the area between the main deck, the sides and the bottom.
- The hull is divided up into a number of watertight compartments by decks and bulkheads.
- Bulkheads are vertical steel walls going across the ship and along.
- Decks divide the hull horizontally.
- Those dividing up cargo spaces are known as “tween decks”.
- The hull contains the engine room, cargo space and a number of tanks.
- In dry cargo ships the cargo space is divided into holds, in liquid cargo ships it is divided into tanks.
- At the fore end of the hull are the fore peak tanks and at the after end are the after peak tanks.
- They are used for fresh water and water ballast.
- The space between the holds and the bottom of the hull contains double bottom tanks.
- These are used as ballast water and fuel.
- All permanent housing above the main deck is known as superstructure.
- Nowadays a shipyard is organized so that each stage in the building of a ship is done in a continuous chain of shops.
- Each shop is linked by conveyor rollers and moving cranes on rails.
- First of all, steel plates and bars are taken from the stockyard to the preparation shop.
- Then, they are cleaned and coated with a primer paint to prevent corrosion.
- Later, they are cut and shaped automatically by machines.
- Cutting is done by gas torches and shaping by giant presses.
- After that, the pieces are welded together in prefabrication sheds to form sections.
- Welding is now used instead of riveting for joining pieces of metal together.
- Riveting uses more steel than welding and is therefore more expensive.
- It also increases the weight of the ship without increasing the strength.
- The prefabricated sections are then transferred to the building berth.
- Eventually, they are lifted into position by giant cranes.
- When a ship is ready, she is launched.
- Some ships are built on a slipway and slide into water.
- Others are built in a dry dock.
- The dock is then flooded with water and the ship is floated out.
- After being launched, she is towed to the fitting out basin by tugs and completed.
- A completed ship goes for sea trials before she is handed over to her owners.
- During these the ship and her equipment are thoroughly tested.
after end – extremitate pupa
after peak tank – rezervor (pic) pupa
bottom – fund de nava
building berth – hala de asamblare constructie
bulkhead – perete de compartimentare
conveyor roller – role transportoare
drawing office – sala de trasaj
dry dock – doc uscat
engine room- sala masinilor
fitting out basin – bazin armare
fore end – extremitate prova
fore peak tank – rezervor (pic) prova
hold – magazie, cala
prefabrication shed- hala de prefabricate
primer paint – grund
seaworthy – in stare de navigabilitate
side – bord, bordaj
slipway – cala de lansare
stockyard- depozit, spatiu de depozitare
tow- a remorca, a tracta
tug – remorcher
“tween deck” – interpunte, coridor